How to Read/convert an InputStream to a String

There are multiple ways .I will list down few of them.

Using Old and standard java solution –

public static String fromStream(InputStream in) throws IOException
    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
    StringBuilder out = new StringBuilder();
    String line;
    while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
    return out.toString();

return sb.toString();

if you using Google-Collections/Guava-

InputStream stream = ...
String content = CharStreams.toString(new InputStreamReader(stream, Charsets.UTF_8));

If you can use Apache Common library..then this is useful –

StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
IOUtils.copy(inputStream, writer, encoding);
String theString = writer.toString();

Quick way but only work in deserialization process –

String result = (String)new ObjectInputStream( inputStream ).readObject();

Note:ObjectInputStream is about deserialization, and the stream have to respect the serialization protocol to work, which may not always true in all cases.

In the end, the most efficient solution and only in two lines using java Scanner class –

Tricky is to remember the regex \A, which matches the beginning of input. This effectively tells Scanner to tokenize the entire stream, from beginning to (illogical) next beginning.

public static String convertToString(InputStream in) {
    java.util.Scanner s = new java.util.Scanner(in).useDelimiter("\\A");  
    return s.hasNext() ? : "";

I would love to hear any comment by you for making more simple…

Happy learning by Vinay Kumar in techartifact


I am an Oracle ACE in Oracle ADF/Webcenter. Sr Java Consultant-working on Java/J2EE/Oracle ADF/Webcenter Portal/ content and Hibernate for several years. I'm an active member of the OTN JDeveloper/Webcenter forum. Passionate about learning new technologies. I am here to share my knowledge. Give your views and suggestion on [email protected] .

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